MariaDB-10.3.7数据库管理系统

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软件介绍


MariaDB数据库管理系统是MySQL的一个分支,主要由开源社区在维护,采用GPL授权许可。开发这个分支的原因之一是:甲骨文公司收购了MySQL后,有将MySQL闭源的潜在风险,因此社区采用分支的方式来避开这个风险。 MariaDB的目的是完全兼容MySQL,包括API和命令行,使之能轻松成为MySQL的代替品。在存储引擎方面,使用XtraDB(英语:XtraDB)来代替MySQL的InnoDB。 MariaDB由MySQL的创始人Michael Widenius(英语:Michael Widenius)主导开发,他早前曾以10亿美元的价格,将自己创建的公司MySQL AB卖给了SUN,此后,随着SUN被甲骨文收购,MySQL的所有权也落入Oracle的手中。MariaDB名称来自Michael Widenius的女儿Maria的名字而MySQL[1] 是一个关系型数据库管理系统,由瑞典MySQL AB公司开发,目前属于Oracle公司。MySQL是最流行的关系型数据库管理系统,在WEB应用方面MySQL是最好的RDBMS(Relational Database Management System:关系数据库管理系统)应用软件之一。

 

Windows版安装


从文章底部下载压缩包,查看压缩包内的:MariaDB配置.pdf 文件

MariaDB-10.3.7数据库管理系统

 

Linux版安装


 

1、yum安装

yum install mariadb-server mariadb -y

 

2、查看版本

[root@mysqldb ~]# rpm -q mariadb-server mariadb
mariadb-server-5.5.60-1.el7_5.x86_64
mariadb-5.5.60-1.el7_5.x86_64

 

3、设置开机启动

[root@mysqldb ~]# systemctl enable mariadb
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.

 

4、配置安全脚本

安装完后,root密码默认是空,因此需要进行配置安全控制程序。

配置前需要先启动mariadb

启动命令 systemctl start mariadb

启动安全配置程序

[root@mysqldb ~]# mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): #密码是空,回车即可。
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y #是否设置root密码,这里进行设置
New password: 
Re-enter new password: 
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!


By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y  #删除匿名用户
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] n #允许root远程登陆数据库
 ... skipping.

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] n #不删除test数据库,后面测试可以使用
 ... skipping.

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y #重载授权表
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

 

软件下载


蓝奏云链接:https://www.lanzous.com/ia8qr3e

 

 

 

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